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Baalbeck is a city in eastern Lebanon famous mainly for its magnificent, well preserved Roman temple ruins. It was a flourishing Phoenician town when the Greeks occupied it in 331 B.C. They renamed it Heliopolis (City of the Sun). It became a Roman colony under the Emperor Augustus in 16 B.C. On its acropolis, over the course of the next three centuries, the Romans constructed a monumental ensemble of three temples, three courtyards, and an enclosing wall built from some of the most gigantic stones ever crafted by man. At the southern entrance of Baalbeck is a quarry where the stones used in the temples were cut. A huge block, considered the largest hewn stone in the world, still sits where it was cut almost 2,000 years ago. Called the "Stone of the Pregnant Woman" (top photo on left), it is 71 feet x 16 feet x 14 feet in size and weighs more than 1,000 tons.

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Originally posted 2017-12-18 03:37:54.