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Scholars believe the early inhabitants of Malta migrated from the nearby island of Sicily in 5200 B.C. Today stone structures on the Maltese island of Gozo are considered by archaeologists to be among the greatest achievements made by ancient builders anywhere in the world. The temples on Malta and Gozo are more than a thousand years older than the pyramids of Egypt.

They are the earliest monumental architecture in the world. There are engineering features built into these temples that are astonishing. Walls enclosing space, and paved walkways that had ceilings at one time, were among the most complex features found anywhere on Earth at the time. Built before metal tools or the invention of the wheel, experts are baffled by the scale of the construction and the use of vertically arranged monolithic stones, each weighing 20 tons. Some of these stones have been shaped to optical accuracy greater than what is achievable today.

Further evidence of ancient technology can be found underground. In 1902 construction workers accidentally uncovered a mysterious underground sanctuary dating to 2500 B.C. Called the Hypogeum (photo on left) the subterranean structure was revealed to be three levels deep – all hewn from solid stone. It is estimated that the builders removed more than 2,000 tons of stone from the subterranean chambers to create a space that replicates the temples above ground. One of the greatest mysteries concerning the Hypogeum involves the acoustical properties in what is called the Oracle Room. A person's voice in the Oracle Room can be heard to carry throughout the entire complex with little variation. What was the reason for building this room, and where did they obtain this amazing acoustic technology?

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Originally posted 2017-12-18 03:31:01.